There are various ways for language teachers to do an ESL speaking test, all of which have their positives and negatives. Some are easier on the teacher and some are more difficult. Some are more accurate, while others are less so.
What you choose for an English speaking test really depends on your personality and the amount of time you have to administer your tests and the number of students. Keep on reading for some ESL speaking test questions, along with tips and tricks for doing these kinds of tests the better way.
3 Options for an English Speaking Test
I will give only the most basic of overviews of three different English speaking test methods for English as a Second Language students. If you want to dive deeper into the topic, I recommend this book: Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices (2nd Edition).
ESL Speaking Test #1: 1-1 Interview with the Teacher
The 1-1 interview with the teacher method is generally thought to have the highest validity, since weaker students cannot affect the stronger students in any way. However, I think there are more negatives than positives:
- The power dynamic which can come into play
- The necessity to have students, alone in an office or classroom. This is something that I’ll always try to avoid if possible.
- Exhaustion on the part of a teacher. It just simply takes a lot of time and mental energy. In some semesters, I’ve had upwards of 200 students. It’s just not feasible to test every single of them in a 1 week period.
- The teacher needs to serve as examiner and conversation partner, which can get tricky at times, especially at the end of a long day of tests. This is especially hard with the lower-level students who will often depend on you to to keep the conversation going.
ESL Speaking Test #2: Conversations and Role-Plays
Many English teachers get the students to conduct 1-1 conversations among themselves while the teacher just listens, observes and evaluates.
The big negative of this one is that a weaker student can affect a stronger student, and although the teacher accounts for this in grading, it can often be seen as “not fair” in the student’s eyes.
However, there are lots of positives to this 1-1 conversation between students:
- No power dynamics
- It can at least partly replicate “real” conversation, where the people are at a similar level of English ability.
- The teacher can just focus on listening and not have to act as a conversation partner.
- Students often feel less nervous with at least one other person in the room besides the teacher.
- It’s far less tiring than option #1 for the teacher because they only have to listen, not participate in the conversation.
Find out more details about how I conduct this kind of test with my students, and also how I prevent the “memorization” factor.
ESL Speaking Test #3: Presentations
Presentations are perhaps the easiest on the part of the teacher to administer, especially in groups. You can “test” a group of 30 students in as little as a single 1.5 hour class.
The biggest negatives to presentations are that it doesn’t replicate “conversation” at all and this is most often what courses consist of at, especially at universities. But, if the teacher actually spends time teaching students how to do presentations, it can be a valuable life-skill that students can take with them throughout their lives.
If you do decide to teach and test students on their presentation skills, the best resource I recommend is: Speaking of Speech: Basic Presentation Skills for Beginners. I’ve taught presentations for years and have stuck with this book the entire time, with excellent results.
Presentations: I Don’t Use Them for Tests
I personally will have a “presentation day” (or two, depending on class size) in my courses. I make it a small percentage of the final grade (around 10%) and give students lots of freedom about group sizes (1-4), and topic (it can be anything in the news lately).
It usually ends up being one of the most interesting classes of the semester! But, I prefer not to do this for a test in a conversation class.
For more details about this, check out:
Need more Ideas for your English Conversation Class?
Then you’re going to need to check out this book over on Amazon: 39 No-Prep/Low-Prep ESL Speaking Activities: For Teenagers and Adults. It’s lesson planning made easy, guaranteed.
The good news is that it’s available on Amazon in both print and digital formats. The (cheaper!) digital one can be read on any device. Take some awesome ESL/EFL speaking games and activities with you wherever you go to lesson plan.
Or, keep the book on the bookshelf in your office. Whatever the case, you’re going to find almost 40 top-quality English speaking activities and games to add some variety in your classes, and keep your students engaged and interested.
Check out the book for yourself over on Amazon:
Is there an Audiobook?
Yes, there certainly is! You can listen to this book on the go, when doing some exercise or cleaning your house. It really is that easy to get some serious inspiration for your English lessons.
The even better news is that you can listen to the audio version free when you sign up for an Audible account. You get one book for free at the start, so why not make it this one, right?
Check it out for yourself here:
ESL Speaking FAQs
There are a number of common questions that people have about ESL speaking, including tests and exams. Here are the answers to some of the most popular ones.
How can I evaluate ESL speaking?
There are a number of ways in which you can evaluate ESL speaking. Some of the most common ones (make a rubric) include pronunciation, accuracy, fluency, interaction and ability to communicate effectively. This is an important part of an ESL teaching philosophy.
How can I teach ESL students to speak?
If you’re trying to teach ESL students to speak, employ some of the following ideas:
- Focus on communication and fluency, not accuracy all the time.
- Have students study new vocabulary and key grammatical concepts.
- Use student-centred ESL activities and games.
- Do lots of pair and group work.
- Have as much student-talking time in classes as possible.
- Teach the difference between formal and informal English.
How do I pass an ESL speaking test?
If you’re trying to pass an ESL speaking test, here are some tips. First, make sure you know the format of the test because it varies from exam to exam. Secondly, brush up on your grammar and vocabulary. Finally, do lots of speaking practice, in the format of the test with a language partner or teacher.
How can I know my English speaking skills?
One of the best ways to know your English speaking skills is to take an English proficiency exam like the IELTS. Besides that, pay attention to what happens when talking to other people. Are they easily able to understand what you’re saying or not. And, do they give the expected answer or something else?
ESL Speaking Test: Have Your Say!
What’s your preferred method for conducting an English speaking test? Is it one of the options above or do you another idea for conversation tests for English learners? Leave a comment below and share your thoughts with us. We’d love to hear from you.
Also be sure to give this article a share on Facebook, Pinterest, or Twitter. It’ll help other teachers, like yourself find this useful teaching resource for evaluating students.